Hoarseness Treatment Causes, My voice has become hoarse?, The sound become hoarse,

Hoarseness Treatment Causes, My voice has become hoarse?, The sound become hoarse,

Hoarseness Treatment Causes

Thehealthtime.com

Hoarseness is a symptom and not a disease. It is a general term that describes abnormal voice changes. When hoarse, the voice may sound breathy, raspy, strained, or there may be changes in volume (loudness) or pitch (how high or low the voice is). The changes in sound are usually due to disorders related to the vocal folds, which are the sound-producing parts of the voice box (larynx). There are many causes of hoarseness; fortunately, most are not serious and tend to go away in a short period of time. If hoarseness persists longer than two weeks, a visit to your physician is recommended. While not always the case, persistent hoarseness can be a warning sign of cancer.

Causes

Common cold or upper respiratory tract viral infection
Voice abuse: when you use your voice either too much, too loudly, or improperly over extended periods of time.
Gastroesophageal reflux: when stomach acid comes up the swallowing tube and irritates the vocal folds
Smoking
Allergies, thyroid problems, neurological disorders, rheumatoid arthritis and trauma to the voice box

Diagnosis

A thorough history of your hoarseness and your general health is obtained.
Voice box and surrounding tissue will be examined using a mirror or a laryngoscope, a small lighted flexible instrument placed in the back of your throat.
Voice quality is then evaluated: ~ A breathy voice may suggest poor vocal cord function, which may be caused by a benign tumor, polyp or cancer of the larynx.
~ A raspy voice may indicate vocal cord thickening due to swelling, inflammation from infection, a chemical irritant, voice abuse or paralysis of the vocal cords.
~ A high, shaky voice or a soft voice may suggest trouble getting enough breathing force or air.
Lab tests, such as a biopsy, x-rays, thyroid function may be ordered depending on the findings of the physical exam.

Treatment
Treatment varies depending on the condition causing the hoarseness.

Most hoarseness can be treated by simply resting the voice or modifying how the voice is used.
If smoking is related to the hoarseness, you may be advised to stop smoking, as well as resting your voice.
For all patients, it is recommended to avoid smoking or the exposure to second hand smoke and drink plenty of fluids.
Surgery may be recommended if there are nodules or polyps on the vocal folds.

Prevention

If you smoke, quit
Avoid agents which dehydrate the body, such as alcohol and caffeine
Avoid ÔÇťsecond handÔÇŁ (passive) smoke
Humidify your home
Watch your diet ÔÇô avoid spicy foods and alcohol
Try not to use your voice too long or too loudly
Seek professional help if your voice is injured or hoarse

What Are The Causes Of Hoarseness?

Acute Laryngitis: One of the most common causes is acute laryngitis, which usually occurs due to swelling from a common cold, upper respiratory tract viral infection, or irritation caused by excessive voice use such as screaming at a sporting event or rock concert.

Vocal Nodule/Polyp: Prolonged hoarseness is usually due to vocal overuse or habitual abuse. It can lead to vocal nodules (singersÔÇÖ nodes), which are callous-like growths, or may lead to polyps of the vocal cords (more extensive swelling). Vocal nodules are common in children and adults who raise their voice in work or play.

VOCAL NODULES

Other causes include Gastroesophageal Reflux, Smoking

Since smoking is the major cause of throat cancer, if smokers are hoarse, they should see an ENT.
When hoarseness lasts longer than two weeks or has no obvious cause it should be evaluated by an ENT.

The various causes of hoarseness can be diagnosed using Tele Video Laryngoscopy along with Stroboscope.

When should I see an ENT doctor?

ÔľáHoarseness lasting longer than two weeks especially if you smoke
ÔľáPain not from a cold or flu
ÔľáCoughing up blood
ÔľáDifficulty swallowing
ÔľáLump in the neck

My voice has become hoarse?

Hoarseness is a general term that describes abnormal voice. When hoarse, the voice may sound breathy, raspy, strained, or there may be changes in volume (loudness) or pitch (how high or low the voice is). The changes in sound are usually due to disorders related to the vocal cords that are the sound producing parts of the voice box (larynx). While breathing, the vocal cords remain apart. When speaking or singing, they come together, and as air leaves the lungs, they vibrate, producing sound. Swelling or lumps on the vocal cords prevent them from coming together properly and changes the way the cords vibrate, which makes a change in the voice, altering quality, volume, and pitch.

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